Future of Fish Feed (F3) is a collaborative effort between NGOs, researchers, and private partnerships to accelerate the commercialization of innovative, substitute aquaculture feed ingredients to replace wild-caught fish. Reliance on wild-caught fish is unsustainable since their populations are declining.




We have created a Forage Fish Savings Estimator to assist innovative ingredient companies, that can provide nutritionally equivalent replacements for fishmeal and fish oil, in calculating the number of forage fish saved. Based on our calculations, the first F3 contest saved approximately 350 million fish and the second contest saved over 2 billion fish.

“Fishmeal alternatives continue to be developed, like algae, bacteria from methane production or microbial proteins from carbon dioxide sequestration. We are trying to turn plant-based ingredients into animal-based ingredients… The trick is to make plant meal behave like fishmeal, not to turn carnivores into herbivores.

Fish do not require fishmeal. They require the nutrients that fishmeal happens to contain. That is why fishmeal has been used so much in aquaculture. If you take the fishmeal out, you must supplement with other ingredients to get the necessary nutrients, hence the need to develop other protein sources. If diets are formulated correctly and contain all essential nutrients, growth rate and feed efficiency will be good.”

Dr. Rick Barrows

F3 Chief Scientific Officer







Our assumptions for this calculation are here, with a breakdown of the calculations here.



Our second F3 Challenge, the F3 Fish Oil Challenge, aimed to find fish oil replacements that contain essential fatty acids in ratios that mimic the average fatty acid profile found in forage fish. The prize was for the team that sold the greatest amount of DHA + EPA + ARA as calculated from sales of qualified F3 Oil by the end of the Challenge. The winner was announced in October 2019 at the Global Aquaculture Alliance’s GOAL Conference in Chennai, India.

2019年2月,我们举办了第二届F3会议,汇集了世界各大饲料公司和本届F3挑战赛参赛团队。我们迫切希望通过这些联系能加速水产养殖中鱼油替代品的使用,并且挑战赛所带来的积极影响仅仅只是开始。有关2019 F3会议的亮点,请点击这里

Our assumptions for this estimate are here, with a breakdown of the calculations here.



Our third and current F3 Challenge is the F3 Challenge: Carnivore Edition. The goal of this challenge is to reduce aquaculture’s demand for forage fish by advancing substitute feeds for the industry’s biggest consumers of forage fish: salmon, shimp, and other carnivorous species.




The Feed Innovation Network, supports the innovation and widespread adoption of substitute fish-free feed ingredients by providing information on experimental protocols, testing facilities, and promising new ingredients.

F3FIN.org hosts resources for ingredient suppliers, aquafeed companies, fish farmers, researchers, investors, and policymakers:
•    F3 Suppliers – F3 ingredient and feed company profiles
•    Open formulas for F3 feeds
•    Evaluation protocols and testing facilities
•    Forage Fish Savings Estimator

Learn more about F3FIN.org and join the network here.

Supporting Organizations

Thanks to Anonymous Donors as well!

Past Sponsors

F3 Team

Leadership and Judges


Dr. Kevin FitzsimmonsUniversity of ArizonaFormer President World Aquaculture Society, Aquaculture and Integrated Farming Systems, Aquaculture Extension Specialist, Tilapia Expert, Fullbright Fellow
Dr. Ling CaoShanghai Jiao Tong University, Stanford UniversitySustainable Aquaculture/Policy and Management, China
Dr. Michael TlustyUniversity of Massachusetts BostonSeafood Sustainability, Research Faculty in Aquaculture, Sustainable Seafood Policy and Management

Industry and Technical Advisory Panel


Dr. Rick BarrowsAquatic Feed Technologies, USDA/ARS ret.Nutritionist, Feed and Fish physiology, F3 Chief Scientific Adviser Background, Publications
Dan ChenGuangdong Evergreen Feed Industry Co., Ltd.President
Yuchi ChenGuangdong Evergreen Feed Industry Co., Ltd.Vice President
Dr. Hillary EgnaOregon State UniversityAquaculture and International Development
Dr. Roz NaylorStanford UniversityFood Security and the Environment, Economist
Karim KurmalyVeramarisCEO
Chris OakesNovoNutrientsVice President Market and Product Development
Dr. Wendy SealeyU.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceResearch Physiologist
Dr. Loc TranNong Lam University, Shrimp Vet LaboratoryDisease Expert, Vietnam

Coordination & Administration


Dr. Barbara PageAnthropocene Institute
Kelly AlfreyAnthropocene Institute
Alex DriedgerAnthropocene Institute
Annie ReisewitzStrategic Ocean SolutionsF3 Media Liaison