Future of Fish Feed (F3) is a collaborative effort between NGOs, researchers, and private partnerships to accelerate the commercialization of innovative, substitute aquaculture feed ingredients to replace wild-caught fish. Reliance on wild-caught fish is unsustainable since their populations are declining.
We have created a Forage Fish Savings Estimator to assist innovative ingredient companies, that can provide nutritionally equivalent replacements for fishmeal and fish oil, in calculating the number of forage fish saved. Based on our calculations, the first F3 contest saved approximately 350 million fish and the second contest saved over 2 billion fish.
“Fishmeal alternatives continue to be developed, like algae, bacteria from methane production or microbial proteins from carbon dioxide sequestration. We are trying to turn plant-based ingredients into animal-based ingredients… The trick is to make plant meal behave like fishmeal, not to turn carnivores into herbivores.
Fish do not require fishmeal. They require the nutrients that fishmeal happens to contain. That is why fishmeal has been used so much in aquaculture. If you take the fishmeal out, you must supplement with other ingredients to get the necessary nutrients, hence the need to develop other protein sources. If diets are formulated correctly and contain all essential nutrients, growth rate and feed efficiency will be good.”
Our second F3 Challenge, the F3 Fish Oil Challenge, aimed to find fish oil replacements that contain essential fatty acids in ratios that mimic the average fatty acid profile found in forage fish. The prize was for the team that sold the greatest amount of DHA + EPA + ARA as calculated from sales of qualified F3 Oil by the end of the Challenge. The winner was announced in October 2019 at the Global Aquaculture Alliance’s GOAL Conference in Chennai, India.
Our third and current F3 Challenge is the F3 Challenge: Carnivore Edition. The goal of this challenge is to reduce aquaculture’s demand for forage fish by advancing substitute feeds for the industry’s biggest consumers of forage fish: salmon, shimp, and other carnivorous species.
The Feed Innovation Network, supports the innovation and widespread adoption of substitute fish-free feed ingredients by providing information on experimental protocols, testing facilities, and promising new ingredients.
F3FIN.org hosts resources for ingredient suppliers, aquafeed companies, fish farmers, researchers, investors, and policymakers:
• F3 Suppliers – F3 ingredient and feed company profiles
• Open formulas for F3 feeds
• Evaluation protocols and testing facilities
• Forage Fish Savings Estimator
Thanks to Anonymous Donors as well!
Leadership and Judges
|Dr. Kevin Fitzsimmons||University of Arizona||Former President World Aquaculture Society, Aquaculture and Integrated Farming Systems, Aquaculture Extension Specialist, Tilapia Expert, Fullbright Fellow|
|Dr. Ling Cao||Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Stanford University||Sustainable Aquaculture/Policy and Management, China|
|Dr. Michael Tlusty||University of Massachusetts Boston||Seafood Sustainability, Research Faculty in Aquaculture, Sustainable Seafood Policy and Management|
Industry and Technical Advisory Panel
|Dr. Rick Barrows||Aquatic Feed Technologies, USDA/ARS ret.||Nutritionist, Feed and Fish physiology, F3 Chief Scientific Adviser Background, Publications|
|Dr. Roz Naylor||Stanford University||Food Security and the Environment, Economist|
|Dr. Hillary Egna||Oregon State University||Aquaculture and International Development|
|Dr. Loc Tran||Nong Lam University, Shrimp Vet Laboratory||Disease Expert, Vietnam|